Some of the people we work with a CLA may engage in behaviours that can be seen as confronting and challenging to manage. There is a temptation to concentrate on the behaviour at hand, but this can often lead to a reactive response, to minimise the behaviour occurring, when we should be looking more widely at the reasons the person needs to engage in the behaviour in the first place.
If we can uncover what is driving the behaviour and understand what the person is trying to tell us (remember all behaviours are communicating a message), we can work towards better meeting the person’s needs.
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The goal here is to work towards increasing a person’s quality of life, so they feel better supported and no longer have a need to engage in challenging behaviours, to indicate their displeasure with their current environment.
This may include many things, including assisting the person to understand their daily lives better through clearer communication, changing the environment to better meet people’s needs, improving a person’s lifestyle and supporting them to engage in productive and positive relationships with others.
This is Positive Support in action…….
This is best achieved through adopting a person-centred approach to individual planning, which helps identify the needs and goals of the person and supports inclusion and meaningful participation in their community. People need choice and the opportunity to positively engage with others, to develop personal competencies and to be respected by others, as they engage in their daily lives.
For some people this support may require positive behaviour support planning. In addition to Individual plans, CLA may compile a Positive Response Action Plan (PRAP), to define a targeted response to a particular situation.
We may also develop a Positive Behaviour Support Plan that will look more widely at the social, emotional, cognitive and/or environmental factors influencing any more challenging behaviours, with the aim of understanding of why a person may engage in a particular behaviour and to identify what support is required to address the person’s unmet needs.
Remember: Behaviour is just the tip of the iceberg, to change it we have to look at what lies underneath…………….
Challenging Behaviours and Positive Support Iceberg