Intellectual Disability is defined as a disability that occurs in the developmental period (under 18), where IQ is assessed as under 70 and where deficits are evident in two or more adaptive behaviours that affect every day, general living.
It is a neuro-developmental disorder characterised by significantly impaired intellectual (reasoning, learning and problem solving) and adaptive functioning which covers everyday social and practical skills.
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In practice a person living with this disability may process information more slowly and have difficulty communicating with others, managing their daily lives and struggle to manage effectively and independently in their local community.
There are many causes of intellectual disability. It may be associated with a genetic condition such as Down Syndrome, or Fragile X Syndrome or a neurological condition such as Autism.